Installation firewall APF Print

  • 0

Advanced Policy Firewall

    1. Login to your server via shell as the root user.
    2. Download the APF version 0.9.7-1 (most current version todate) to your system

bash# wget http://www.rfxnetworks.com/downloads/apf-current.tar.gz

    1. Now you have to extract the tar file

bash# tar -zxf apf-current.tar.gz

    1. Go to the APF directory

bash# cd apf-0.9.7-1

    1. Run the code for installation

bash# ./install.sh

You will be alerted when the installation is complete.

Install path : /etc/apf
Config path : /etc/apf/conf.apf
Executable path : /usr/local/sbin/apf

    1. Modify the APF config file according to your user defined requirements.

bash# vi /etc/apf/conf.apf

(Hit i to enter the INSERT mode)

    1. Add in the ports you want to open for inbound (INGRES).

# Common ingress (inbound) TCP ports

IG_TCP_CPORTS="20,21,22,25,26,53,80,110,143,443,465,993,
995,2082,2083,2086,2087,2095,2096,3306,6666"

# Common ingress (inbound) UDP ports

IG_UDP_CPORTS="21,53,465,873"

# Common ICMP (inbound) types

IG_ICMP_TYPES="3,5,11,0,30,8"

The variables mentioned above are already present in the configuration file. You can customize the ports.

    1. You have to particularly instruct APF to monitor outgoing (EGRESS) ports as well.

Change the line: EGF="0" to EGF="1"

    1. Specify the outbound ports to monitor.

# Common egress (outbound) TCP ports

EG_TCP_CPORTS="21,22,25,26,37,43,53,80,110,113,443,465,873,2089,3306"

# Common egress (outbound) UDP ports

EG_UDP_CPORTS="20,21,53,465,873"

# Common ICMP (outbound) types

EG_ICMP_TYPES="all"

    1. Specify the ports you want to block, if any.

      The allow and deny trust files are located at:
      /etc/apf/allow_hosts.rules
      /etc/apf/deny_hosts.rules
      You just have to list the ip's that you specifically wish to allow or deny in the respective files.

      The format of these files are line-separated addresses, IP masking is supported.

      Example:
      24.202.16.11
      24.202.11.0/24

      Save and exit - hit 'esc' :wq 'enter'

    2. Start APF

bash# /usr/local/sbin/apf -s

    1. If all goes well, edit the config file and change the developer mode to 0

bash# vi /etc/apf/conf.apf

(Hit i to enter insert mode)

Change DEVM="1" to DEVM="0"

Save and quit - Hit 'esc' :wq 'enter'

    1. Restart APF

bash# /usr/local/sbin/apf -r

This is a list of ports you may want to exclude as they are required for the usage of Cpanel

  • 1 & 111 Portscanner (to detect scans)
  • 20 ftp tcp inbound/outbound
  • 21 ftp tcp,udp inbound/outbound
  • 22 ssh tcp inbound
  • 25 smtp tcp inbound/outbound
  • 26 smtp tcp inbound/outbound
  • (this port is only needed to be open if the option in cpanel to run exim on port 26 is used.)
  • 37 rdate tcp outbound
  • 43 whois tcp outbound
  • 53 DNS tcp/udp inbound/outbound
  • (inbound is only needed if you run your own public DNS server)
  • 80 http tcp inbound/outbound
  • 110 pop3 tcp inbound
  • 113 ident tcp outbound
  • 143 imap4 tcp inbound
  • 443 https tcp inbound
  • 465 smtp tls/ssl tcp/udp inbound/outbound
  • 873 rsync tcp/udp outbound
  • 993 imap4 ssl tcp inbound
  • 995 pop3 ssl tcp inbound
  • 2082 cpanel tcp inbound
  • 2083 cpanel ssl tcp inbound
  • 2086 whm tcp inbound/(outbound for DNS cluster)
  • 2087 whm ssl tcp inbound/(outbound for DNS cluster)
  • 2089 cp licence tcp outbound (see below*)
  • 2095 Webmail tcp inbound
  • 2096 Webmail SSL tcp inbound
  • 3306 mysql tcp (only if you need to connect remotely)
  • 6666 chat tcp inbound
  • 9898 AIM tcp outbound

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